Context of Frankenstein and Blade Runner

SUMMARY OF CONTEXTS TIME/ TEXT Scientific Exploration/ Discovery | Social Events/ Issues | Politics of the Time | Values/ Themes in the text(identity, creativity, parental responsibility) | Suggest links from the text??™s contexts to our current context (2010)
18th/ 19th century(1818)FrankensteinMary Shelley Late 18th century- Luigi Galvani tries to bring a frog back to life by passing electricity through the legs.1803- Nephew of Galvani conducted an experiment carried out in London with a corpse. He also applied the first electric shock to patients suffering depression.1802- Humphry Davy writes A Discourse, Introductory to a course of lectures on Chemistry and Chemical Philosophy in which he states a new influence has been discovered, which has enabled man to produce from combinations of dead matter effects.1816- Mary Shelley reads Davey | ROMANTICISMThe revolution signaled a throwing off of old traditions and customs of the wealthy classes, as the balance of economic power shifted toward the middle class with the rise of industrialism. As textile factories and iron mills increased production with advanced machinery and technology, the working classes grew restive and increasingly alarmed by jobs that seemed insecure because a worker could be replaced by machines. Most of Englands literary thinkers welcomed revolution because it represented an opportunity to establish a harmonious social structure.Around 1811, a period of unemployment, low wages, and high prices led to the Luddite Movement. This movement encouraged people to sabotage the technology and machinery that took jobs away from workers. Because the new machines produced an unparalleled production rate, competition for jobs was fierce, and employers used the low employment rate against their workers by not providing decent wages or working conditions. | For all her passion for reform and her hatred of the despotic Tory elite in England, like many other middle-class writers Mary Shelley was anxious about the possibility of revolutionary mob violence. It was argued that, once people began to act collectively in this way, individual differences and moral scruples disappeared and the crowd was likely to commit atrocities that few of its members would tolerate as individual. Politics was also affected by the new ideas of the Enlightenment. At the beginning of the Enlightenment period, there was no real antagonism between the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy; by 1789 this had clearly changed, and an age of social revolution was ushered in. The French Revolution can be seen as both the epitome and the end of the Reason and ideas of equality were not enough; they did not prevent abuse of power, or tyranny, or starvation and injustice. | The monster as representative of the mob- The monster can also be seen as representative of a dangerous force. The monster represents a dangerous, uncontrollable and unappeasable force at loose in society.In England, the image of the uncontrollable monster was attached to any large grouping threatening the political status quo, including the working classes, the Irish Nationalists, the Trade Unions and even the inhabitants of Birmingham.? Adversarial Relations: involving motifs of antagonism, hatred, revenge; the definition of ones self by ones opposite. ? Alienation: a sense of not belonging, either to a community or to ones own sense of self. ? The Beautiful: as an Enlightenment category of aesthetics, invoked in conjunction with or opposition to the sublime. Benevolence: among the highest of Enlightenment virtues, the active expression of love and sympathy for ones fellow beings. Candor: a social mode highly esteemed by a writer like Jane Austen, an openness expressing a lack of dissimulation and a sense of common bonds with ones fellows. Social Class: linked to political power, access to education and justice throughout
Early 1800s: After the French Revolution ended, England turned its attention to domestic and economic concerns ??” particularly to problems resulting from a rapidly growing industrial nation.Today: Domestic and economic concerns about employment and education also stem from rapid change, as the business world moves from emphasizing industrial production to a service and information economy. ? Early 1800s: Scientific advancements, especially Erasmus Darwins studies in biological evolution, caused individuals to question Gods authority and inquire into matters regarding the generation of human life.Today: Animal scientists in Scotland successfully tweak the DNA from an adult sheep to clone another individual sheep. The U.S. government bans federal funding of experiments with cloning using human DNA.
21st century(1982)BladeRunnerRidley Scott
1938- Cloning envisioned1953- Structure of DNA discovered.1970- Dr John Gurdon clones a frog.1978- Birth of first child, conceived by in vitro1984- Dr Willadsen (Denmark) clones a lamb from a developing sheep embryo cell.1995- Drs Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell create the world??™s first sheep from adult cells, DOLLY1940s-2000- The computer age. By 1990s the role of computers moves from being a tool used exclusively by scientists and technicians in laboratories to a household consumer item.1960- Authors such as Rachel Carson and Alvin Toffler predict the negative effects of climate change and overpopulation on humanity??™s future. POSTMODERNISM1940s-2000- The computer age. By 1990s the role of computers moves from being a tool used exclusively by scientists and technicians in laboratories to a household consumer item.1960- Authors such as Rachel Carson and Alvin Toffler predict the negative effects of climate change and overpopulation on humanity??™s future. Rain is a repetitive theme in Blade Runner, in that it always rains in the film. In mythology, rain symbolizes a New World and in the Bible, the purpose of the deluge is to wash the bad things of the earth. In the film, as in the Lion King, we can observe a biblical reference, as when the rain is falling down, it is the end of an unhealthy and insane world.Humanity -Being a person, thinking as a Human Being, that is what Man has called Humanity. However, the way Man has used it to determine if someone is a Human or not, could be blamed. All conflicts in history have proved that white Man for instance, made his own perception of Humanity. So that slavery, which lasted centuries has shown that a black man would not be considered as a human. GOTHIC GENRE: is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance.SCI-FI GENRE:
Science fiction is a genre of fiction. It differs from fantasy in that, within the context of the story, its imaginary elements are largely possible within scientifically established or scientifically postulated laws of nature (though some elements in a story might still be pure imaginative speculation). Exploring the consequences of such differences is the traditional purpose of science fiction, making it a “literature of ideas”.[1] Science fiction is largely based on writing rationally about alternative possibilities.[2] The settings for science fiction are often contrary to known reality, but the majority of science fiction relies on a considerable degree of suspension of disbelief provided by potential scientific explanations to various fictional elements.