Contrastive Perspective on Sex Education 1995-2010

Anis Suzana Bt Shafie
Comparative perspective of sex education: 1995 ??“ 2010
Sex education was first introduced since the end of the 90th century, but has suffered controversy because some say that sex education is not appropriate when teaching in primary schools. Point less than the government has been trying to introduce a variety of programs to state that sex education should be taught from primary school because they will bring positive impact to children??™s. Moreover, people in the late 90th have not realized the importance of sex education for their children that should be thought since primary school but all acknowledge that, since the era of globalization only become more social problems, I will briefly explain in my assignment the difference in how 1995th view and now on sex education. I also discuss about get real in sex education and sex education. people in Malaysia is now able to breath easily, especially when the government already stressed the importance of sex education taught from primary school than in the past, people at once is not an open mind to accept that sex education be taught from primary school. Sex education should be taught from primary school because they will get advance knowledge of sex .But this does not mean they should be taught in detail. Teaching and learning must meet certain age so they understand and do not be surprised when they are grown soon. The effect of sex education for secondary school students in Malaysia is not completely covered, and to date there is no implementation of formal sex education in schools. In a website, a user asked about the disadvantages of teaching sex education among secondary school students. Answering these questions, a user opinion saying there is no adverse impact on the teaching of the subject, but it should be started earlier .user said, adverse effects depending on what sex education is taught in school that only if the adolescent does not receive complete information. Exposures are not comprehensive or very minimum, he added; only excite the curiosity that eventually can increase the incidence under age sex, rape and other juvenile. Nevertheless, in the teens, other influences have been more exposed young with sex and so on, and if not guided properly, they can be trapped in the addiction of pornography and the internet similar user. There is much less true statement with increasingly pornographic material that is too easily obtained by anyone in the country, including teenagers and children. Publication and distribution of pornographic reading materials has been banned from the Philippines, but no one is able to control access to pornographic material from the internet. In addition, VCD and DVD porn market in Malaysia is also very widespread and not due to lack of enforcement, but by the attitude of the community. Just imagine this true scenario. A man who is running in ???Jalan Petaling??? in the capital crowded like ants by sellers VCD. Without feel shy they show pictures of pornographic VCDs skin without respect for the mans girlfriend in that. So, to access pornographic material that is easy, how teenagers can bury a natural curiosity in the right way while this is still taboo for open discussion Teenagers aged between 11-18 years is a group that is experiencing growth and physical and emotional changes related specifically to make them prone sexual.Ini obtain information from unofficial sources should fail to obtain formal information, particularly from school or health practice. Including through discussions with my friends, reading material or sexual conduct trial masturbation, kiss even continue to have sex.the effect of this are cases of sexual crime, pregnancy minors, STD infection to the murder case involving illegal abortion and babies who die cute thrown everywhere involve youth in the mass media .There are many important factors that contribute to social issues is a lack of knowledge on adolescent sexual health. Kompas newspaper has reported a 94 per cent of young people hungry for information about Indonesia and sexual health issues but do not have accurate information. WHO has stressed two key interests earned on the awareness of sex education.First, reduce the number of teenagers who have sex are illegal. Second, they protect the practice of STD infections such as AIDS, chlamidia, gonorrhea, syphilis and others. Sex education becoming more important, let alone WHO study found that young women (aged 14-19 years) are more easily infected than boys STD rates are 2:1. So, how sex education is the most suitable formal required by our youth The Heritage Foundation researchers are of the opinion that sex education approach abstain from sex (abstinence) is more appropriate than the approach to safe sex practices are more about physical touch. Neither according to Rector R.E., pardue M. G. and Martin S. nor should teach abstinence programs on the importance of emotional and psychological basis of human sexuality in nature and not physical. He said young people should understand that the basis of sexual happiness exist basic quality of marriage is intimacy, love and commitment. This is because if in ways that really true, sexual activity will lead to building long-term emotional bonding between two individuals. Therefore, sex education programs must promote abstinence from sexual behavior during the adolescent stage and should be up to settle down. Education must be stressed that the topic of teenagers trapped in a casual sex not only will the threat of pregnancy and STD infection, but lost the ability to build a relationship of love after the adults. So, sex education should be required in schools to assist young people make preparations to build the institutions of marriage and healthy family. Notwithstanding, the study found that 62 percent of Americans agree to avoid illicit sex is the expected standard for all school age students around the world. Nonetheless, I also found some information related with sex education which is two in journal and one and e-books. I have searched in Main library about sex education but no point about perspective on this. From the affects of do not emphasize sex education since primary school I can say that it is unsecure to them because it will causes lots of social problems. But, there is a way to help them such as consult with registered counselor who knows better. Last but not least, there a link between these two eras, because their mission is one to help their children to get better understand on sex education just on 1995th they still lack of information regarding this. The conclusion is people who have negative view on sex education should exactly throw it away their mind set because it will give negative impacts to their children.

How Important Is Family Loyalty in the Film On the Waterfront

How important is family loyalty in the film
???On the Waterfront???, a film by Elia Kazan, has used family loyalty as one of the main key determinants, which influences the actions and decisions of a handful of main characters more specifically, Terry Malloy and Edie Doyle at numerous decisive moments in the film. Elia Kazan mostly conveys family loyalty through turning points in the film. Throughout the film, family loyalty is the key to the film??™s progression, although there are other factors that can be seen to have an effect, for example, guilt, and desire for the truth.Edie Doyle, the gentle, untainted female protagonist, is devoted to her dead brother, Joey Doyle. Through family loyalty and her relentless quest for the truth about corruption on the waterfront, is of great importance to the continuation of the film. Near the exposition of On the Waterfront, when Joey Doyle gets pushed of the roof for being a ???canary??? and dies, Pop Doyle, having no sympathy, won??™t tell the police anything, but Edie Doyle, kneeling at the side of her dead brother, mourning, for Joey Doyle, cries ???I want to know who killed my brother!??? and ???Who is responsible for Joey!??? Family loyalty is undoubtedly revealed in this scene, and is backed up when Edie Doyle, often filmed as a pure, innocent woman, is almost an avenging angel, defying the constraints of her gender in her pursuit of the truth about her brother??™s murder. Furthermore Edie, goes down to the waterfront, covered up in several clothing and looking afraid, but determined to find out the truth ???I??™m going to find how who??™s guilty for Joey.??? The waterfront is an ???all mans??™ world??? so, you can see that Edie has great courage and determination, for her to push forward towards her goal. If Edie had not had this transformation, the film would have ended differently, most likely having a more undesired ending. Even though Edie Doyle??™s family is of great importance to the film, Edie initiates Terry??™s moral dilemma and his eventual transformation to ???contender??™. Edie??™s friendship with Terry which stems from this loyalty to her brother triggers Terry??™s moral development. This is revealed in the ???saloon??? as Terry wrestles to understand Edie??™s sorrow. ???Whatsa matter with you??? he asks, struggling to fathom why she can??™t leave the subject alone. Her words, ???You would help if you could??? and her touch, deeply troubled Terry, forcing him to grapple with his conscience. Edie??™s loyalty to her brother and her subsequent relationship with Terry is thus a catalyst in his moral transformation. Even though we can see how Terry changes slowly throughout the film, eventually towards a more respectable man, there was one specific factor that halts him in his progression, and that would be family loyalty towards his brother. This can be seen when he says ???They??™re asking me to put the finger on my own brother.??? This quote exposes his loyalty towards his brother, and that is what stops him from attending the court, but in order for the film to continue, either Terry must have had a change of heart towards his brother, or Charley Malloy must have died, sadly enough, Charley Malloy died.When Charley was young and looked after his brother Terry, Charley did everything he could do to give Terry a better life, this includes him saying ???this ain??™t your night??? during the championship, when Terry was forced to give up his boxing career, and when Charley got involved with the ???corrupted??? union, thinking it was the ???best way??? to help his little brother out.
The most obvious and significant event that is implied to be family loyalty in the film is where Kazan conveys family loyalty in the taxi scene, when Terry blames Charley for making him throw the fight he could have won. Charley has been implied to be the one who had betrayed Terry, and thus costs Terry his career as a prize-fighter. This is shown when Terry said ???You don??™t understand. I coulda had class, I coulda been a contender. I coulda been somebody, instead of a bum which is what I am???, and ???You was my brother, you shoulda looked out for me a little.??? When Terry said both of these quotes, Charley let Terry ???off the hook???, to redeem himself for the failure of not being able to be a proper big brother to Terry. If Charley didn??™t have let Terry go, the film would have most probably ended there, so you can see the importance of Charley being able to sacrifice himself for the sake of his family.In conclusion we can see how family loyalty is the key aspect of this films??™ progression, without family loyalty the film would have ended differently and wouldn??™t have won so many awards. The films??™ development was mostly triggered by Edie Doyle and her loyalty to her family. Without her sense of loyalty Terry wouldn??™t have met her, wouldn??™t have questioned Johnny Friendly??™s ways, Charley wouldn??™t have sacrificed himself for Terry, as it wouldn??™t be necessary and Terry wouldn??™t have gone to court to tell the truth.

Contrasts Associated with the United States and Canada in Dealing with Diversity

Contrasts associated with the United States and Canada in dealing with diversity: the unique challenges Canada faces
“Canada has a unique dual national dominant culture which contrasts sharply to the WASP dominant culture of the U. S.” (Jones, N/A). This paradigm is different from the U. S., (other countries have this model) (Parsons, 1999), consequently, the two countries have taken divergent paths toward assimilation. While Canada is a dual dominant culture, it is questionable that the two dominant cultures are equal. Canada is a mecca of immigration like the U. S. and is increasingly diverse: embracing this diversity in the face of dueling dominant majority is strikingly difficult (Jaime Lluch, 2010).
Comparisons between the United States and Canada include: 1.) ethnic development 2.) Immigration and 3.) Current diversity. In contrast: 1.) Canada is a bifurcated dominant culture and the U. S. is dominated by one 2.) Pluralism dominated Canadian culture while assimilation was preferred in the U. S. 3.) Canada rejected slavery and the U. S. Embraced it and 4.) Canada has been more receptive to racial and ethnic diversity than the U. S. (Marger, 2009). Both countries began as colonial settlements that conquered indigenous populations and subsequently experienced vast growth through immigrants (predominantly European) and eventually became more diverse as immigration continued through the present. Canada, unlike the U. S., began as a French colony and was conquered a second time by the British, resulting in in school dominant majority structure while the United States was predominately WASP from its inception. The dual dominance in the formation of Canada as a nation, specifically the retention of French culture in Quebec, led to a pluralistic society: the U. S., on the other hand, embarked on a less tolerant assimilation policy. The impact of slavery in the United States as opposed to its rejection in Canada is likely to have led to a great many economic and social differences, however, greatest amongst those is likely the more compassionate and tolerant policies in Canada with respect to race and ethnic issues.
The two majority groups, English-French, dominate the policy formulation process while at the same time conflicting with one another, whereas, in terms of ethnicity, the United States is dominated by a WASP majority. The unique challenges Canada faces in trying to be multi-cultural are related to the conflict between the two dominant majority groups. The ethnic split in the majority is linguistic as well as value/cultural. It is also economic, as the French Canadians are not equal to the English Canadians. The current ethnic makeup is British Isles origin 28% and French origin 23%, (Kwintessential) which would imply that French Canadians are near equals, however, social, economic, and political factors support the opposite view. Canada??™s unique dual dominant culture juxtaposed to the WASP dominant culture of the U. S. provides insight. Canadian history is replete with difficulties between the two dominant cultures. The British conquest of the French colony ended with a population predominantly French which then became balanced with English, (due in large part to English loyalists entering Canada subsequent to the British defeat in the U. S.) whereas in the United States the WASP culture dominated consistently. The French were narrowly settled in what is now Quebec whereas the English settled in all areas of Canada much as American settlers of European ancestry did. In Quebec the English dominated government and commerce resulting in a deep resistance to assimilation (Marger, 2009). However, unlike the U. S. The dominant party in political and social power was also dominant in numbers whereas in Canada the English were not dominant in numbers (Marger, 2009). The socio-political -economic dominance of the English dominated the numbers of French. However, they permitted the French to preserve their ethnicity including French civil law, the French language, and Catholicism. The religious differences and linguistic issues combined to create a unique set of challenges for all Canadians. The English do not need to learn French to govern or to function in employment: they control the major economic aspects of the economy, and the political system (Jaime Lluch, 2010). French Canadians were relegated to minority status in all areas other than numbers (Marger, 2009). Francophones are an evolution of resistance to English domination and encompass far more than a mere clinging to language. They have maintained a separate cultural entity (GlobalComment). So much so, that they have attempted to separate themselves and become an independent country and in the United States this ethnic divide has never been supported by such numbers or such entrenched cultural identity (Jaime Lluch, 2010).
Francophones live in Quebec, essentially creating their own territory, and insulating themselves to some degree from the dominant English. This serves to further isolate them from the centers of power and influence as well. The Canadian English, like their American counterparts are WASPs whereas French Canadians are mostly Catholic thus the prevailing value systems of these two cultures are also dissimilar. This religious divide resulted in societal reinforcement of the separation of these cultures further distancing French Canadians from access to the centers of power in their English counterparts. The importance of religion as a political actor in the formation of this nation should not be minimized. The Catholic and Anglican churches exerted much influence in the cultural and political development of this country. (OToole), much as the white Anglo-Saxon Protestant churches did in the U. S. The fact that there were two competing religions exerting this type of influence in Canada is a remarkably different model than that established in the U. S.
It is notable that current literature is very focused on the diverse groups in Canada much as it is in the United States. While diversity is, at present challenging, it may well provide a solution to the future and to race and ethnic relations in Canada and across the globe. References
OToole, R. (n.d.). Religion in Canada: its development and contemporary situation by Roger OToole for the American religious experience. American religious experience at wvu. Retrieved July 31, 2011, from
Parsons, N. (1999, August 19). Botswana History Page 4: Culture. Botswana History. Retrieved July 31, 2011, from
Jones, E. (Director) (2001, July 31). Chapter15 Canada: Ethnic Model of the Future. power point presentation. Lecture conducted from California university of pennsylvania, California.
Kwintessential. (n.d.). Canada – Language, Culture, Customs and Business Etiquette. Professional Translation Services | Interpreters | Intercultural Communication & Training. Retrieved July 31, 2011, from
Lluch, J. (2010). How nationalism evolves: explaining the establishment of new varieties of nationalism within the national movements of Quebec and Catalonia (1976-2005).. Nationalities Papers, 38(3), 337-359. Retrieved July 30, 2011, from the Ebsco host database.
Lluch, J. (2010). How nationalism evolves: explaining the establishment of new varieties of nationalism within the national movements of Quebec and Catalonia (1976-2005). Nationalities Papers, 38 (3 ), 337-359. Retrieved July 31, 2011, from the EBSCOhost database.
Marger, M. N. (2009). Race and ethnic relations (8th ed.). Belmont (Calif.): Wadsworth.

How Important Is Russias Role in the European Unions Security Concerns

How important is Russia??™s role in the European Union??™s security concerns
Russia is a country in northern Eurasia (Europe and Asia together). It is a semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. Russia shares land borders with the following countries Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania (via Kaliningrad Oblast), Poland (via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, many of these such as Latvia, Lithuania and being members of the European Union. It also has maritime borders with Japan the Republic of Korea (by the Sea of Japan), Sweden (by the Baltic Sea), Turkey (by the Black Sea), and the United States (by the Bering Strait). At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is, in area, by far the largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the Earth??™s land area; with 142 million people, it is the ninth largest by population. It extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning 11 time zones, and incorporating a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the worlds largest reserves of mineral and energy resources, and is considered an energy superpower. Russia established worldwide power and influence from the times of the Russian Empire to being the largest and leading constituent of the Soviet Union, the worlds first and largest constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower.
My essay will be based on three major sections. Firstly describing the importance of the term ???security??? in context with the European Union, then going into how much progress has already been made between the EU and Russia on issues of security , my third section will focus very briefly on how it is impractical for Russia to join the EU at least at this stage and then finish my say with an overall conclusion. My main argument being that Russia is indeed important to the EU but at this stage where Russia currently is ??“ not very economically and politically stable, Russia has a long way to go, addressing the requirements in order for it to become a member of the EU. Furthermore Russia being a great global player is in fact plays a key role in the European Union??™s security concerns, this is what my essay will be based on.
To recall my question again: ???How important is Russia??™s role in the European Union??™s security concerns. Firstly it is essential to define the term ???security??? in the context of the European Union. In general sense one would think that security directly relates to the military aspect or some kind of defence mechanism but when talking about the European Union, security defines four key criteria which are : economic, social, political and ethnic. Defence is also integrated in the context but not at a high level. The European Union??™s concept of security is a notion of civilian superpower whereas on the other hand the US conception of security is a notion of military might. It is crucial to understand the broadness of the term ???security??? in my project as it will enable you to understand the significant role security plays in the European Union.
Economic ??“
??? Economic and trade relations between the EU and Russia are strong and getting stronger, Russia is already our third most important trading partner and we see growth rates up to 20% a year. Energy is a major factor but there is impressive growth rates in services too, with its recent high growth rates and emerging middle class, Russia is an important emerging market right on our doorstep that offers opportunities for EU businesses. opportunities for EU businesses, notwithstanding the effects of the present financial crisis. The EU is a major investor in Russia, accounting for 80% of cumulative foreign investment. A significant share of Russian foreign reserves are in euro, making Russia one of the largest holders of euro-denominated assets in the world. For all these reasons, we have a stake in the continuing growth of the Russian economy. ???
this quote is taken from the speech made my Benita Ferrero Waldner who is the commissioner for external relations of European Neighbourhood Policy , on Strasbourg on October 21st 2008.
Social ??“ Many or Russia??™s border countries are members of the EU and this causes dilemma within the EU when Russia has issue with its border countries for example with Latvia. The issue in Latvia regarding the minority of Russians living in Latvia and facing hardships by the Latvian government causes dilemma for the EU. Latvia being an EU member and Russia being a potential member and important partner to the EU, the EU has to protect its relationships with both these countries and hence plays a balanced role. Russia??™s clashes with its regional borders causes concerns but Russia does seem to listen to the EU like how it did recently , withdrawing its troops from South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Russia??™s social aspect with the EU is an amicable relationship but the problem arises when its clashes with its regional border countries also appear to be EU members.
Third and fourth aspect of security are ethics and political. Russia is a very stubborn country and even though it likes to do what it wants, Russia does understand that its relationship with the EU is important. The corruption levels however in Russia is very high, ranking 147th between Bangladesh and Kenya. Russia is consistent with key democratic principles but it??™s very unlikely to play on international rules that will require it to fundamentally reform its own system. Human rights issues are also something Russia needs to work on and with the instructions from the EU, Russia has recently reduced tightening of the freedom of press.
I quote from Benita Ferrero Waldner??™s speech:
??? For the EU, Russia is an important geopolitical actor whose constructive involvement in international affairs is a necessary precondition for an effective international community???
The Common Foreign Secretary Policy is the newest security aspect which has been introduced by the EU. The EU feels it is essential that it holds ties with Russia especially for its CFSP as Russia is situated geographically well. The achievement of the CFSP is possible but not plausible in the upcoming future, mainly because as the EU expands its borders with mew members joining, a number of foreign issues will come into play, sharing a border with Russia will definitely result in more foreign issues. Without Russia, its is difficult for the EU to create a strong CFSP, the need to engage with Russia more directly is a consequence of proximity. Gerhard Schroder, politician and the German Chancellor from 1998 to 2005 said that ??? We must integrate Russia into Europe economically and politically as well as in areas such as security and defence???, Talking a bit more about defence , The EU and Russia have a common interest in pursuing the non-proliferation of weapons and mass destruction.
Russia is a key strategic partner in the external area of justice, freedom and security and this sector is a fast growing component of overall EU-Russia relations. There are many shared interests to both Russia and the European Union. The latest developments are , the two agreements on visa facilitation and on readmission for the repatriation of EU, Russian and third-country nationals illegally residing in the EU or the Russian Federations territory were initialled on 4 April 2006 . This event marked the formal completion of negotiations between the two sides. The agreements, which are a milestone in EU-Russia relations, will shortly be signed with a view to enter into force. The visa facilitation and readmission agreements will open the way for easier travel and contacts across the European continent while creating conditions for effectively fighting illegal migration. The EU and Russia also agreed to intensify their dialogue on visa policy aimed at examining the conditions for a visa free travel regime as a long term perspective, as it was set out in the Common Space on Freedom, Security and Justice.
The EU-Russia relationship is formally conducted within the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) framework which established a Justice and Home Affairs Sub-Committee. Justice, Freedom and Security issues are also regularly discussed at the six-monthly EU/Russia Summits. Many high level meetings regularly take place to discuss a wide range of subjects. At a practical level, recently have jointly developed specific instruments to strengthen cooperation in the field of justice, freedom and security such as the joint Action Plan on organised crime, and its implementation tool, the EU Liaison Officers network. More than a ?†110 million has been spent on Justice and Home Affairs projects, notably on border management and support to the judicial cooperation, including judicial reform.
The EU-Russia St Petersburg Summit of May 2003 agreed to develop four Common Spaces to serve the objective of an enlarged Europe without new dividing lines. One of the four Common Spaces is the Common Space of Freedom, Security and Justice as a cornerstone for developing future cooperation in this area. The St. Petersburg statement confirmed the importance of common values, which both sides pledged to respect, as the basis on which to further strengthen the strategic partnership.
Russia and the EU signed the Europol Russia in November 2003 which provides for a framework for cooperation on criminal matters between Europol and the Russian police. Areas of cooperation recently between the EU and Russia have been : border management, enhancing migration management, combating money laundering, cooperation on the fight against drug trafficking, cooperation between police liaison officers, judicial cooperation and reform of the judicial and legal system in Russia and the cooperation in the fight against the organised crime and terrorism. It has taken years and a lot of meetings and summits for the EU and Russia to tighten its cooperation in working together. Russia being a great power and a country with many advantages and strengths, is definitely an important partner for the EU.
The next issue , talking about future plans, is that will Russia ever become a member of the EU or is Russia a separate empire on its own . As my essay does not wholly look into this aspect I have briefly tried to collaborate Russia??™s ability in becoming or not becoming a member as I feel it is crucial to outline if its possibilities of becoming a member of the EU is a threaten to some countries or an overall prosperity to the whole. Firstly, Russia??™s population will outdo the entire population of the EU and hence votes will be higher than votes of the countries in the EU. Will Russia join the Western family or be left out in the cold, perhaps to recreate the problems of the past That is partly down to how the EU treats Russia, membership of the EU in the short-term is impractical, Russia??™s democracy and economy are not sufficiently developed; and the EU is not large enough to absorb such a large country in its present stage of development.
Secondly the ideology behind why US is against Russia becoming closer to the EU. I quote from an article titled ??? 50 years of European Integration and Russia??? by former President Vladimir Putin ???It is an open secret that the US is rather unhappy about Russian- EU cooperation in terms of economic relations and politics alike. The US makes use of the newly integrated EU members states, which greatly depend on US support and funding, for driving a wedge between the EU and Russia. ??? I believe that Russia however should eventually become a member of the EU this will off course take time but the US will not be pleased as this will dramatically increase the power of the EU on the world stage and dramatically reduce the influence of the US. US being a close partner to the EU , especially to the UK which is a superiorly powerful member of the EU, has to maintain its amiability with the US, Russia and US being rivals for decades and the EU and Russia becoming closer via security means causes a triangle of sensitivity between these three superpowers.
Heading to my conclusion, In my opinion, Russia is far large a country with such an extending border, Europe has to hold hands with Russia in order to protect its own self-interests and security. Russia is partly of the east and partly of the west, Russians are too numerous to see themselves as just another tribe turned nations state of Europe. Russia sees itself as the outside arbiter of Inter-European and Inter Asian conflicts.
Even though Russia has tightened its ties with the EU , it still has a long way to go if the question of becoming a member of the EU rises. The common ideology of mankind is that in order to achieve and accomplish there must always be some kind of competition. Rivalry creates unity.
I quote from the article titled – ???50 years of European Integration and Russia??? published by Vladimir Putin,
??? The interests of Russia and the European Union cannot, without doubt, be in complete agreement at all times. Competition is the other side of cooperation and an unalienable part of the globalization process. In the meantime, the EU nations should not politicize their economic ties with Russia. ??? Russia??™s role with the EU is a prosperous and significant relationship. Trade and the issue of the Common Security Foreign Policy I must say are the two vital importance the EU currently has with Russia. Russia spreads throughout two continents, it is a global player and even though Russia has a lot to work on itself like conquering corruption, and its recent war in Georgia made people question Russia??™s reliability as a partner to the EU, Russia has after several months of harsh statements and numerous discussions, Russia and the EU seem closer than ever. This collaboration I must say will always have a form of rivalry but as long as Russia and the EU have their talks as written and signed agreements both these powers have to comply and compromise in order to create a stronger power.
I end with a quote from the News Conference which followed the Russia-EU summit in May 22 2009,

??? We think that this kind of partnership enables us to respond to the most complex challenges and resolve even the most complex problems, including the financial and economic crisis. We will continue to work together to develop our economic relations, fight international terrorism and trans-border crime, and address other threats to humanity??™s development.???
These words were said by current Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.

Contrasts in Maos Last Dancer

Lis story is notable for its contrasts. As a child in Qingdao, Li lived in extreme poverty. As a principal of the Houston Ballet, he was acclaimed as one of the best male dancers in the world, became a friend of George Bush snr and his wife, and was feted by wealthy patrons.After he ended his dance career in Melbourne, having married an Australian dancer, Mary McKendry, Li became a stockbroker. On the surface, that seems a strange choice, but I now see the genesis of the drive for financial security.Maos Last Dancer is much more than a rags-to-riches story. It is really about the nature of family love, courage and obsession.Maos Last Dancer is told with simplicity, but Lis style is deceptive. It takes skill to write simply, just as it takes years of backbreaking work to make ballet look elegant and effortless.His story is blended with fables and lessons, notably the story of the mango. When Li was trying to master five consecutive pirouettes, his wise teacher asked him what he would do with a mango if he was lucky enough to be given this rare and beautiful fruit.”Eat it,” Li answered. “No,” said the teacher, it would be better to “hold it, admire the shape, feel the weight, cut the skin and savour the fragrance, taste the skin and even the nut”. Then comes the ultimate sensation, the pulp.The fun, as the teacher said, is in the process, and satisfaction lies in the journey.

How Important Was the Wall Street Crash in the Rise to Power of the Nazis

How Important was the Wall Street Crash in the Rise to Power of the NAZIS
The Wall Street Crash of 1929 provided the spark that allowed the Nazis to gain support. All of a sudden the support of the Americans and the aid pans were withdrawn, Germany was again isolated and the economy was in crisis. The rise in Unemployment and a renewed fear of a Communist uprising gave Hitlers messages a new importance. People were again interested in the views of this extremist party. In a land where the government was struggling to control the economy, any alternative that appears to be willing and able, to deal with the problems, through whatever means, is in a very positive position.
The rise of the NAZIs was clearly visible from the election results, from having little say in the country in the short lived ???Golden Years??™, to having a dominance in the 1932 elections ??“ although not winning the majority. By 1933, Hitler was viewed by many as the only man who could halt the rapid slide towards an economic and political shambles. Other politicians within Germany, despite their worries about Hitlers methods, turned to him and his party, partly through desperation. The end of the Weimar republic was here, the NAZIs, in the space of 5 years had turned from obscurity to the leaders of the German Republic.
Many think that the Wall Street crash was the key event that helped the NAZIs rise to power, but there are many other underlying reasons as to which encouraged the rise of power. The failures of the Weimar republic were a large one. Proportional representation had led to a series of weak and ineffectual governments; it allowed the NAZIs to become serious contenders without having a huge amount of public support. The government was perceived as being at fault for signing the treaty of Versailles and had lost support on several occasions for mismanaging the economic crisis.
Although, in my opinion the NAZIs strongest factor that helped there rise to power was Hitler. His speeches were inspirational and the amount of Rallies he had around the country had made his popularity spread hugely. His speeches made sense and were aimed at the areas of politics that most German people were resentful of i.e. the treaty of Versailles and reparations. And without all of Hitler??™s qualities I think that the NAZIs wouldn??™t have been able to gain power.

Contribute to Positive Relationships

Unit 4
Contribute to positive relationships
K7, K13
When communicating with children within the school it would be necessary for instance to use words that are easy for children to understand. I.e. planning a numeracy activity I could explain to the teacher that we would be using teddies and using addition and subtraction. When explaining to a child I would use words such as take away, put together or add. I could also use visual aids for the children whereas this would not be necessary for communicating with adults.
It??™s important to be aware of your tone of voice when talking to a child, as they pick up on this and to sound exciting and interesting in what you are talking about or commenting on. Sound positive to children/adults and they will be interested and positive in what they are doing. Negativity is not productive. To keep everyone motivated and involved is important and this will help to get the best from everyone. Good communication is key to building trust and maintaining a healthy relationship.
It is extremely important to keep eye contact when communicating with adults and how you conduct your body language as this shows how interested you are in the person whom is talking to you. i.e. if a adult is giving you instructions on a task and you are not looking at them and got your arms crossed and not paying any attention, the person talking to you will feel that you are not listening and do not care, having your arms crossed shows a closed view, and not open to what is being said. To value another adult??™s view/opinion is important as we all have our own views/opinions and are entitled to this, you must keep an open mind and be willingly to listen. This keeps relationships within the school positive and helps to keep effective working ethos.
From time to time it may be difficult to communicate with the adult within the class room due to confidentiality. It is extremely important not to discuss certain information about a child in your care as with ???safe guarding children???. I understand that if I am asked certain information about the school/children from parents in the playground, due to confidentiality policy of the school I am unable to discuss and would not do so.
If I had a disagreement with an adult at the school, in the first instance I would speak to them privately and try and resolve the situation, if this did not work then I would speak with my upline (class teacher) I would explain to them my situation and take their advice. If I was still not happy with the outcome I would approach the head teacher.K12
As a member of staff you have a responsibility to ensure that you observe confidentiality at all times. Under data protection act 1998, information kept about children needs to be kept in secure place such as locked filing cabinets or password-protected computers.

You should consider all info about children as confidential and ensure that you do not share it with others without parental permission.

Sometimes information needs to be shared with outside agencies- this should take place formally where possible. Information should only be given to those who need it and this should be complete and accurate.
Children that have difficulty in communicating effectively can become increasingly frustrated, and have a negative effect on their behaviour. Children with speech/language problems may be put under pressure to conform when unable to understand or respond appropriately, which could lead to behaviour (e.g. poor attention, non-compliance, tantrums) interpreted as ???bad??™ behaviour

How Individuals Make Economic Decisions

How Individuals Make Economic Decisions
In life decisions are made every day. Ideas and the decisions that follow those ideas are the choices individuals make each day. It is implied, most people make sound rational choices and decisions. Rational people consider the benefits and costs of each decision, and they make decisions only if the benefits prevail over the costs. Unfortunately, everyone does not make rational decisions all the time. Rational behavior is a practical way to understand decisions people make. The four principles of individual decision-making are: People Face Trade-Offs, People Think Marginally, People Respond to Incentives, and People weigh the Cost and Benefits (Mankiw).
Trade-offs occurs when a people must give up something to receive something else. Time is a good example of this principle, a person can choose to spend his or her time studying for a test to guarantee a reputable grade or spend the time partaking in activities with friends and family or playing games online, which can cause them not to pass the class. The final decision will be created on the decisions we make (Hubbard & OBrien, 2010).
People think and make decisions marginally. People make small incremental adjustments toward decision making. The optimal decision is to continue any activity up to the point where the marginal benefit equals the marginal cost. An example of this principle, a cruise line charges $1,300.00, for a cabin. The as the departure date moves closer the cruise line may offer cabins at a marginal discounted rate or at a marginal increased rate based on customer demand (Mankiw).
People respond to incentives, whether it is positive or negative. An incentive is something that induces a person to act, such as the prospect of a punishment or a reward. Marginal change in cost or benefit encourages people to respond to the incentive positive or negative (Hubbard & OBrien, 2010). People act from a variety of motives, such as spiritual belief, greed, and sympathy. People repeatedly respond to economic incentives, such as, buy one and get one free and deadline purchases (sales). A positive incentive can be described as; a consumer getting twice the benefit at half the cost. Discount deadline incentives occur when a purchase must be made by a dead line or the price will marginally increase (
People weigh the cost and benefits of a decision. A person will make a decision when the marginal benefit is greater than the marginal cost. An example is giving up time, wages to go to school, and gain education for higher pay in the future (Mankiw).
In conclusion, people face trade-offs when making decisions between alternate choices. The costs of decisions are measured by inescapable opportunity. Decisions are also made by comparing the marginal cost of a choice and marginal benefits of a choice. Incentives can change the decisions between the choices people make (
Mankiw, N.Gregory. Principles of Microeconomics (5th), textbook problems explained step-by-step. Ten Principles of Economics,

Contributing to Adult Education

Mark Leigh PTTLS assignment 22/9/10The following is an explanation of why I feel I can contribute in the field of Adult education.
My background is in Industrial control systems where I spent 20 years as an Engineer, writing software control systems for use in the Water treatment, chemicals, Food & drink, Oil & Gas, and Nuclear processing Industries. This exposed me to a wide variety of problems and experiences.
Throughout my time in industry there are two aspects of the way I worked which I feel have a bearing on my decision to become involved in Education. The first is my enjoyment of helping others. This desire to help others often came as a detriment to my own career. I was told on many occasions that I should spend more time concerning myself with my own problems and less time ???frittering the time away??? involving myself with the problems of others! In fact , I often couldn??™t help myself when I knew I could suggest a way that would help my colleagues in some shape or form.
The other aspect of my personality and working method which I think is relevant is that I was never an ???Empire Builder???. By this I mean that some people can be very protective of their working methods and knowledge and would rather keep this to themselves. Its probably fair to say that in many cases, this is a type of One upmanship which albeit by a rather selfish route can lead to a furthering and progression of one??™s career. I have always been aware of this but have preferred to stick to the knowledge sharing path , possibly to the detriment of my own career.
Regarding my relationship with academia, although I have an Engineering Degree, I have never considered myself an academic as such. This might sound an odd thing to say when embarking on a new career as a teacher/ lecturer , but I feel that although I have a basic grounding in science, numeracy, literacy, ICT and some appreciation of history and politics, I have never found academic work easy, and I feel that I have an affinity with the difficulties faced by young people and older people who simply find learning new ideas hard. Again, I feel this is a further justification for my new involvement in education.
One final point is that I am now using some of the computer programming skills & techniques that I have acquired in Industry to develop Educational software. I believe that approaching Educational software development from a different viewpoint ie from outside the academic world might bring a new dimension to providing software learning aids. I have already developed a program to help Secondary special needs children learn to type, and am actively looking into further learning aid applications.

How Information Is Used

How Information Is UsedInformation collected by EIS is variance reports, comparative analysis, and information that can be shared with other hotels to compare. Information collected by a DSS is how much money is spent on cleaning supplies, Identifies consumers from certain regions common traits, and anything that takes a few or long period of time for any question. Information collected from an EIS and DSS helps a hotel manager make strategic decision for their company by helping them combine and compare data using these to predict what will happen in the future. It also emphasis on understanding the results over time and what they will mean in the future. This information can be used for competitive advantage by giving the hotel some insight on how the hotel has ran in the past and help them to make better choices in the future of the hotel. They can use this information to get their guests to keep coming back and be able to show other hotels how to be competitive and learn how to get their customers. This information can be used for financial advantage because the in the future the hotel will know how things were done in the past and they can use this information to help them with the purchases that they will be making. It also helps them to them when they are doing the company??™s finances so they know what the company know what revenue is coming in and out. As a hotel manager this information helps show the full picture of the property by letting them see how the business is running and will run in the future. It helps them to know how much money they are making monthly and in a year so they know what the business needs for repairs, rooms, etc. It helps the manager to know that things will be running smoothly and gives them a clear picture of what things need to be changes or made better. It helps a manager to know what types of people to hire and what things the hotel needs to buy.